main function of this system is to produce sex cells and hormones.
aging process affects the reproductive systems of both men and women.
The most striking age-related changes in the female reproductive system
occur at menopause, while changes in the male reproductive system occur
more gradually and over a longer period of time.
is usually defined as the time ovulation and menstruation cease. It
typically occurs between the ages of 45-65. Estrogen and progesterone
levels decline which results in a thinning of the urethral and vaginal
walls. The reduced estrogen levels have also been linked to
osteoporosis and a variety of cardiovascular and neural effects
including “hot flashes,” anxiety, and depression.
so fun fact:
male equivalent of menopause is called the male climacteric. During
this gradual change, circulating testosterone levels begin to decline
between the ages of 50-60. Sperm production, however, continues, so men
can father children well into their eighties.